1940s

Southern Trained | Migration Made

Born into slavery in Alabama, Bill Traylor spent his life as a rural farm worker after the Thirteenth Amendment emancipation in 1865 freed him. While his 15 children moved to different areas, many migrating North, he remained in Alabama. He started working as an artist at the age of 80, in 1936, producing over 1000 works of art often by the side of the street in Montgomery County.

Art Terms
Naive Art
Outsider Art

Bill Traylor
b. Alabama 1854
d. Alabama 1949
Bill Traylor, Man With Yoke, circa 1939-42
Smithsonian American Art Museum, "Between Worlds: The Art of Bill Traylor," 2018
Audio at bottom.
Jacob Lawrence with a panel from the Frederick Douglass series, c. 1939.
Jacob Lawrence
b. New Jersey 1917
d. Seattle 2000
Jacon Lawrence, "The Migration Series", 1941
Jacob Lawrence, #46 Industries attempted to board their labor in quarters that were oftentimes very unhealthy. Labor camps were numerous, Migration Series, 1941
Jacob Lawrence, One Way Ticket, Migration Series, 1941

New York in the 40s: European Abstraction | American Originality

“No one can construct for you the bridge upon which precisely you must cross the stream of life, no one but you yourself alone.” Friedrich Nietzsche

Art Terms
Cubism
Dada
Abstract Art

Maya Deren
b. Ukraine 1917
d. New York 1961
Maya Deren, Meshes of the Afternoon, 1943
Maya Deren, "Meshes of the Afternoon," 1943
"Modern Women: Barbara Hammer on Maya Deren," 2010
Arshile Gorky
b. Turkey 1904
d. Connecticut 1948
Aaron Siskind
b. Manhattan 1903
d. Providence 1991
Aaron Siskind, [Jerome] Arizona, Gelatin Silver Print, 1949
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Abstract Expressionism

"Breaking away from accepted conventions in both technique and subject matter, the artists made monumentally scaled works that stood as reflections of their individual psyches—and in doing so, attempted to tap into universal inner sources." Stella Paul

Art Terms
New York School
Abstract Expressionism

PROCESS: Enamel Paint MoMA
What Is: Abstract Expresisonism?
Paul Stella, Abstract Expressionism, 2005 Heilbrunn Timeline
Lee Krasner
b. New York 1908
d. New York 1984
"Lee Krasner From the Depths of Despair to the Height of Her Career"
Lee Krasner, Abstract No. 2, 1947
Robert Mapplethorpe, Lee Krasner, 1982

more on Lee Krasner

Lee Krasner, Painting as Life, Google Arts & Culture

Jackson Pollock
b. Wyoming 1912
d. New York 1956
Jackson Pollock, Number 28, enamel on canvas, 950
Jackson Pollock by Hans Namuth
Process: Painting Like Pollock
MoMA
Bill de Kooning
b. Netherlands 1904
d. New York 1997
Bill de Kooning, Woman 1, oil and metallic paint on canvas, 1952
Process: Painting Like DeKooning MoMA
Hedda Sterneb. Romania 1910d. New York 2011
Hedda Sterne, Airport #1, Oil on canvas, 1948
Alexander Calderb. Pennsylvania 1898d. New York 1976
Alexander Calder, Little Parasite, heet metal, wire, and paint, 1947
Alexander Calder, Parasite, sheet metal, rod, wire, and paint, 1947
Alexander Calder performs his Cirque Calder, 1926-31 | Whitney Museum of American Art

more on Alexander Calder

Eleonora Nagy, Joan Simon, and Anita Duquette, "Calder’s Circus," in VoCA Journal, October 27, 2017, https://journal.voca.network/calders-circus/.

Europeans at Mid Century

Art Terms
Art Brut
Abstract Art
COBRA

Jean Dubuffetb. France 1901d. France1985
Jean Dubuffet, Will to Power, oil, pebbles, sand, glass, and rope on canvas, 1946
Alberto Giacomettib. Switzerland 1901 d. Switerzerland1966
Alberto Giacometti, Man Pointing, 1947
Louise Bourgeoisb. Paris 1911d. New York 2010
Louise BourgeoisQuarantania, 1947-53
Louise Bourgeois – 'I Transform Hate Into Love'

more on Louise Bourgeois

Tracy Emin, BBC Film with Tracy Emin, 2014 BBC

Francis Baconb. Dublin 1909d. Madrid 1992
Francis Bacon Reveals the Inner Turmoil in his Art
Francis Bacon, Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X, oil on canvas, 1953
Bacon, Triptych - August 1972
banner photo: Jacob Lawrence, Migration Series,