1990s

Dr. Jordana Moore Saggese, Identity Politics: From the Margins to the Mainstream, in Smarthistory, August 9, 2015

Art Terms
Relational Aesthetics
Neo Conceptualism

Seminal Events

Mapplethorpe Exhibition Trial, Cincinnati, News Five, 1990
Barbara Gamarekian, Corcoran, to Foil Dispute, Drops Mapplethorpe Show, June, 1989
Richard Woodward, The Disturbing Photography of Sally Mann, New York Times Magazine, September 27, 1992
Sally Mann, Sally Mann's Exposure, New York Times, April 16, 2016
Sally Mann | American b. 1951
Sally Mann, Jesse Bites, 1985
Carousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel image
Sally Mann, Immediate Family, c. 1985-90
Sally Mann: The Two Virginias, 2014 Art21
Felix Gonzalez-Torres
b. Cuba 1957
d. Miama 1996
Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Untitled (Public Opinion), black rod licorice individually wrapped in cellophane, endless supply, ideal weight 700lbs., 1991
Hide/Seek: Portraits by Felix Gonzalez-Torres and David Wojnarowicz, National Portrait Gallery

The Body, Actions and Memory

Ann Hamilton | American b. 1956
Ann Hamilton, Aleph, video, 1992/93
Ann Hamilton, Aleph, video, 1992/93
Ann Hamilton, The Event of a Thread, 2012, Art21
Gabriel Orozco | b. Mexico 1962
Gabriel Orozco, Dining Room in Tepoztlan, silver dye bleach print, 1995
START AT 21 MINUTESGabriel Orozco, Loss and Desire, 2003 Art21
Janine Antoni | b. 1964 The Bahamas
Janine Antoni, Mom & Dad, 1994
Janine Antoni, "On Touch", 2003 Art21
Mona Hatoum, British b. Beirut 1952
Ali Smith, 'Never take anything for what it appears to be', Tate, 2016Mona Hatoum, Hot Spot III, 2009
Mona Hatoum: 'Nothing Is a Finished Project', TateShots, 2016

more on Mona Hatoum

Mona Hatoum, Centre Pompidou/Kiasma, 2016

Mona Hatoum, Pretense, Tate, 1996

Shirin Neshat American b. Qazvin, Iran 1957
Shirin Neshat, Rebellious Silence, Women of Allah series, 1994, black and white RC print and ink, photo by Cynthia Preston ©Shirin Neshat (courtesy Barbara Gladstone Gallery, New York and Brussels)
Shirin Neshat, Turbulent, two screen video installation, 1998
Kelly Grovier, Shirin Neshat: a stare that challenges us to look away, 2019

Black Narratives

Rachel Gillett, The Black Atlantic, 2018 Utrecht University History
A Tribe Called Quest, Can I Kick It, People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths, 1990
Official Music Video for The Notorious B.I.G. featuring Mase & Puff Daddy, "Mo Money Mo Problems" from album "Life After Death", 1997 Director: Hype Williams
Nick Cave, American b. 1959
Nick Cave on his first Soundsuit, 1992 (Smithsonian American Art Museum, 2018)
Carousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel image
Nick Cave
Megan O'Grady, Nick Cave, "The Greats", New York Times, October 2019
Lorna Simpson, American b. 1960
Lorna Simpson, Five Day Forecast, 1991, 5 photographs, gelatin silver print on paper and 15 engraved plaques© Lorna Simpson, courtesy Salon 94, New York

"Among the photographs she selected were daguerreotypes commissioned in 1850 by Swiss naturalist Louis Agassiz, who traveled through the American South with a photographer, making portraits of slaves. Agassiz intended to use these portraits as visual evidence to support his theories of the racial inferiority of Africans, and to prepare a taxonomy of physical types in the slave population." MoMA

Carrie Mae Weems | American b. 1953
Carrie Mae Weems, Dad and Me, c. 1990
Carrie Mae Weems, From Here I Saw What Happened and I Cried, 1995
Carrie Mae Weems, "The Kitchen Table Series" 2011, Art21
The Future of Art According to Carrie Mae Weems, 2018 Artsy

more on Carrie Mae Weems

Zoe Lescaze, Eight Artist's on the Influence of Carrie Mae Weems, New York Times, 2018

Fred Wilson | American b. 1954
Fred Wilson, Cabinetmaking, 1820-1860, from Mining the Museum Exhibition, Maryland Historical Society, 1992
Fred Wilson, Beauty & Ugliness, 2014 Art21
Whitney Stories: Fred Wilson, 2013
Kerry James Marshall | American b. 1955
Kerry James Marshall, Many Mansions, acrylic on paper mounted on canvas, 114" x 135" 1994
Holland Cotter, Kerry James Marshall's Paintings Show What It Means to Be Black in America, New York Times, 2016
Kerry James Marshall, Process, 2017 MoCA
Kara Walker | American b. 1969
Kara Walker, Gone, An Historical Romance of a Civil War as it Occurred between the Dusky Thighs of One Young Negress and Her Heart, 1994, cut paper on wall, 156 x 600 in., 1994, Orcutt Photo, Courtesy Kara Walker & Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York, © Kara Walker
Kara Walker, The Keys to the Coop, 1997 (The year she wins The MacArthur Award)
Kara Walker: Starting Out, 2014 Art21

Deconstructivist Architecture

Art Term: Deconstructivist Architecture

Frank Gehry, Canadian-American b. 1929
Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain, 1993-97
Zaha Hadid | British Iraqi 1950-2016
Zaha Hadid, MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts, Rome, 1998-2009
Zaha Hadid, MAXXI National Museum of XXI Century Arts, Rome, 1998-2009 SmartHistory
Hans Ulrich Obrist, Zaha Hadid: Sketching the Future, HeniTalks

Queer Theory, Intersectional Identities

Identity Politics

"These explorations highlight the perspectives of a post-Civil Rights movement generation, a generation fighting for visibility, without oversimplifying what it means to embrace one’s culture while remaining at odds with tradition." Rachel Morillo, HyperAllergic, April 6, 2021

Laura Aguilar, American Chicanx, 1959-2018
Laura Aguilar, Stillness #25, 1999, gelatin silver print, 9 x 12 inches © Laura Aguilar
Carousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel imageCarousel image
Laura Aguilar
Laura Aguilar, Center 78, 2001 Courtesy the UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center © Laura Aguilar

Political Pop in China

Art Term: Political Pop

Wang Guangyi | Chinese b. 1957
Wang Guangyi, Kodak, Great Criticism Series, 1990
Clip: Andy Warhol: Made in China, 1982
Andy Warhol, Green Coca Cola Bottles, 1962
Yu Youhan | Chinese b. 1953
Yu Youhan, The Waving Mao, 1990 (Yu Youhan’s Personal History with Chairman Mao)
Zhang Xiaogang | Chinese, b. 1958
Zhang Xiaogang, A Big Family, 1995
Zhang Xiaogang, Artists Project, The Metropolitan

Japanese Commercial Art

Takashi Murakami | Japanese b. 1962
Takashi Murakami, 727, acrylic on canvas mounted on board, 1996
Behind the Hype: Murakami's Flowers, 2020 Hypebeast

Video Art

The Case for Video Art, The Art Assignment, 2019
Pipilotti Rist | Swedish b. 1962
Pipilotti Rist, Ever is Over All, 1997
Pipilotti Rist, Ever is Over All, 1997 Louisiana Channel
Pipilotti Rist, Interview: Positive Exorcism, 1986 Louisiana Channel

more on Pipillotti Rist

Rist influenced Beyonce Knowles, Hold Up, Lemonade, 2016

YBA (Young British Artists) Movement

Rose Aidin, The YBAs: The London-based Young British Artists, in Smarthistory, September 7, 2018

Rachel Whiteread | British b. 1963
Rachel Whiteread
Untitled (House), North London, 1993
Rachel Whiteread, Tate Exhibition, 2017
PROCESS: How to Cast Like Rachel Whiteread, 2018 Tate
Sarah Lucas | British b. 1962
Sarah Lucas, Portrait with Fried Eggs, digital print, 1996
Sarah Lucas, British Pavilion, Venice Biennale, 2015
Tracey Emin | British b. 1963
Tracey Emin, My Bed, 1998
Tracey Emin, on My Bed, 2015 TateShots
Yinka Shonibare OBE RA | British Nigerian b. 1962
Yinka Shonibare CBE, The Swing (after Fragonard), 2001
Yinka Shonibare,, "Transformatin", 2009 Art21
Yinka Shonibare, The Rebel Within, 2016 TateShots

Seminal Event: Sensation Exhibition, Brooklyn Museum, NY 1999-2000

PRESS RELEASE: Sensation Exhibition, April 1999
Steven Henry Madoff, Shock For Shock's Sake?, Time Magazine, October 3, 1999,
Zaha Hadid, Vitra Fire Station, 1993, (photo: vitra)